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Finance

Artificial Intelligence to Detect Insider Trading

Insider trading involves illegal profiting from non-public information by people buying and selling shares. It typically increases during mergers and acquisitions. AI is making strides in detecting market fluctuations that can be attributed to insider trading. Bloomberg algorithms are helping market participants to identify unusual activity in stock, bond, currency and derivatives trading. The automated analysis of derivatives like options can also expose otherwise opaque insider trading activity that was once evident only with the fluctuations of the underlying assets of bonds, commodities, currencies and equities. The article has cited many such examples of how insider trading was detected, including Hartford Financial Services Group Inc.’s agreement to buy Navigators Group Inc. Read More

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Healthcare

Intel's AI Wheelchair Can Be Controlled by Facial Expressions

Motorized wheelchairs are traditionally controlled by a joystick or sensors attached to the user's body, but now innovation in AI is helping severely disabled people drive their chairs with their facial expressions. Working in partnership with Intel, Brazil-based Hoobox Robotics has created the Wheelie 7, a piece of AI-leveraging kit that allows disabled people to control a motorized wheelchair though 10 facial expressions, from raising eyebrows to sticking out tongues. The tech learns about the user's gestures automatically and takes just seven minutes to install (hence the name "Wheelie 7"). Using an app, the user -- with assistance from a caregiver -- can assign which expressions are linked to the chair's movements. Through a combination of facial recognition software, sensors, robotics and an Intel 3D RealSense Depth Camera that's been mounted on the wheelchair, Wheelie captures a 3D map of the face and uses AI algorithms to process data in real time to direct the wheelchair. Read More

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Information Technology

NVIDIA Invents AI Interactive Graphics

Researchers at American technology company, NVIDIA have developed a deep learning-based model that aims to catapult the graphics industry into the AI chapter. Using a conditional generative neural network as a starting point, the team trained a neural network to render new 3D environments, after being trained on existing videos. This AI breakthrough will allow developers and artists to create new interactive 3D virtual worlds for automotive, gaming or virtual reality by training models on videos from the real world. This will lower the cost and time it takes to create virtual worlds. The research had been displayed at the NeurIPS conference in Montreal, Canada, a show attended by the world’s most prominent artificial intelligence researchers. The research team created a simple driving game for NeurIPS, which allowed attendees to interactively navigate an AI-generated environment. Read More

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Entertainment

AI Powered Laugh Track That Amuses and Unsettles in Interactive Installations

Author, illustrator, and MIT graduate student, Jonathan Sun presented an interactive art installation called the “The Laughing Room” at the Cambridge Public Library. The room was programmed to play an audio laugh track whenever participants said something that its algorithm deemed funny. Jonathan created the project to explore the increasingly social and cultural roles of technology in public and private spaces, users’ agency within and dependence on such technology, and the issues of privacy raised by these systems. “The Control Room”, a companion installation located in Hayden Library at MIT, displayed a live stream of the action in “The Laughing Room”, while another monitor showed the algorithm evaluating people’s speech in real time. To train the algorithm, stand-up comedy routines were scraped up from YouTube, selecting performances by women and people of colour, to avoid programming misogyny and racism into how the AI identified humour. Read More

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Healthcare

AI Helps Transform Cardiac Healthcare

British researchers have developed an AI that will help detect health diseases even before doctors. The researchers created a prototype for coronary artery disease with the help of AI along with a combination of 600 other variables. The Diagnostic happens in three stages. The First step is to check echocardiography (ECG) at rest. If there are any irregularities at this point, it leads to a set of semi-invasive tests like stress echocardiography, ECG stress test, and Chest CT scan. Anomalies in these tests lead further to an invasive angiography. With the development in AI technology, researchers are getting to use AI to detect anomalies or irregularities fast, cheap & precisely without moving forward to the third step. Cardiology’s AI-powered platform is CE Tested, and FDA approved. AI also augments the live visual representation of the heart, using colour coding for different heart chambers in real-time, instead of low-resolution grayscale ECG images. Read More

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Sports

F1 to Use AI Enabled TV Graphics with Amazon In 2019

Formula 1 will use AI to help power a raft of new in-race television graphics that it plans to debut in 2019. As part of the series' 'F1 Insights' alliance with Amazon Web Services (AWS), F1 will use the latest technology to harness the wide range of car data that it can tap in to. The series is readying a new package of graphics that will utilise Amazon's machine learning tool, Sagemaker in a bid to improve the viewing experience for fans at home. F1 will integrate the telemetry data such as car position, tyre condition and even the weather, so that Sagemaker can predict car performance, pitstops and race strategy. Artificial intelligence and machine learning are unquestionably going to change sports, not only for the fans at home but also for the participants in the race or sporting event. It will provide large amounts of data in real time to help optimize each decision. Read More

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Security Services

Britain is Developing an AI-Powered Predictive Policing System

British police force is developing an AI-powered predictive policing system to predict that who is likely to perpetrate a crime. The National Data Analytics Solution, under development in the UK will rely on AI oracles to scour police records and statistics to find those at risk of violent crime. Machine learning will be used to analyse a variety of local and national police databases containing information like crime logs, stop and search records, custody records, and missing person reports. In particular, it’s aimed at identifying those at risk of committing or becoming a victim of gun or knife crime, and those who could fall victim to modern slavery. The program is being led by West Midlands Police which covers the cities of Birmingham, Coventry, and Wolverhampton, but the aim is for it to eventually be used by every UK police force. A prototype of the technology will be produced by March of 2019. Read More

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“Quantum Computing, a revolution in technology, has shown great promise towards solving complex computing problems currently outside the capabilities of current computers. Though in its infancy, we at Decimal Point Analytics strongly believe that it is going to grow exponentially in the near future. It holds the potential not only to boost the AI revolution but also transform the way data is synthesized. The articles on Quantum computing will give an insight into the recent developments in this space.”

 
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Quantum Computing

AI and Quantum Computing to Support Cyber Security

Major companies like IBM with the help of AI and quantum computing are making progress towards fighting cyber-crime. IBM’s AI, Watson, helps human analysts sift through the 200,000 or so “security events” the company has to deal with on a day-to-day basis. It helps determine which events don’t require special attention, such as instances when an employee forgets their password, and which should receive more scrutiny. Watson is about 60 times faster that its human counterparts, and speed is key for defending against cyber-attacks. But even Watson’s impressive rates pale in comparison to those that can be attained with quantum computers. Daniel Driver from Chemring Technology Solutions, has used the example of looking for ‘needle in a haystack’, where Quantum computing will look under every piece of hay simultaneously and find the needle immediately. Read More

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Quantum Computing

Researchers Say ‘Blockchain Could Be Made Obsolete by Quantum Computing’

Recently, a paper by computer scientists published in Nature magazine suggested that blockchain could be made obsolete by quantum computing. The scientists argue that, within a decade, quantum computers will be able to break a blockchain's cryptographic codes. Blockchain is a structure for storing data in which groups of valid transactions, called blocks, form a chronological chain, with each block cryptographically linked to the previous one. While it has been widely associated with bitcoin and cryptocurrency, it also is increasingly used to store enterprise data. Data in the blockchain can either be open or encrypted and readable only by those for whom it is intended. Quantum computing poses a threat to blockchain technology because it upends the basic security assumption of elliptic curve cryptography, namely, that computers cannot factor large numbers effectively. Read More

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